Napoleon Bonaparte, one of the most famous French leaders or perhaps of the most famous leaders of all time, put his stamp on France and on the world through his military genius and very analytical-processing mind. His ability to multi-task like a supercomputer enabled him to enact reforms within the French government which helped the country advance further. One such legislation was the Napoleonic code which still in use today in some countries.
Even though Napoleon lost the Hundred Days’s War, he did not die in France but instead, he was exiled to the Atlantic island of St. Helena where supposedly he was poisoned while under the watch of British troops after his loss at Waterloo. It was only years later that the French government asked for his body to come back to France where he was buried in this grand sarcophagus in a place called Les Invalides. There are many famous French people buried there kind of like the Pantheon, but the grand emperor and king of all is Napoleon who has his own space and sees the sunlight gaze upon it so visitors can see his tomb.
The Arc de Triomphe is another one of Napoleon’s commissions after he won the Battle at Austerlitz, which today is considered his greatest military victory when he defeated a much larger Russian-Austrian allied/coalition army by using his knowledge of tactics and terrain to his advantage. Napoleon instructed to have an Arc, a memorial built in honor of those who died in the French Revolutionary War and in the Napoleonic Wars which led to France’s glory at the time.
This was also the period when Napeolon’s France was its greatest height of power and prestige due to his military genius, ability to direct the battle in key flashpoints to collapse enemy lines, and recovering the chaotic and disastrous period of the French Revolution which saw many heads fall at the guillotine. However, after the victory at Austerlitz, Napoleonic France started its slow downward slide as the construction of the Arc lasted for many years, well after Napoleon had died. When his body was moved from St. Helena, the French government at the time set up a route from the port to under the Arc and eventually to Les Invalides as his final resting place. The Arc back then represented itself as a symbol of what he accomplished for France, almost like how French militaries would parade their successful campaigns so it was fitting to have Napoleon’s body travel under the Arc.